An alleged student of Antisthenes, Diogenes maintains his teacher’s asceticism and emphasis on ethics, but brings to these philosophical positions a dynamism and sense of humor unrivaled in the history of philosophy. He used to lecture in the Gymnasium, called Cynosarges, not far from the gates; and some people say that it is from that place that the sect got the name of Cynics. Virtue is itself sufficient for happiness, since it requires “nothing else except the str… Now you know the etymology of the word cynic. For having met with some young men of Pontus, who had come to Athens, on account of the reputation of Socrates, he took them to Anytus telling them, that in moral philosophy he was wiser than Socrates; and they who stood by were indignant at this, and drove him away. Mark, Joshua J. Diogenes, (born, Sinope, Paphlygoniaâdied c. 320 bce, probably at Corinth, Greece), archetype of the Cynics, a Greek philosophical sect that stressed stoic self-sufficiency and the rejection of luxury. "The Life of Antisthenes of Athens in Diogenes Laertius." And he was said not to be a legitimate Athenian; in reference to which he said to some one who was reproaching him with the circumstance, "The mother of the Gods too is a Phrygian;" for he was thought to have had a Thracian mother. Antisthenes. Diogenes of Sinope. And, "One ought to attach one's self to such women as will thank one for it." Diogenes viewed Antisthenes as the true heir to Socrates, and shared his love of virtue and indifference to wealth, together with a disdain for general opinion. Xenophon calls him the most agreeable of men in conversation and the most temperate in everything else. And then the young man replied, "On its beauty." I. ANTISTHENES was an Athenian, the son of Antisthenes. One must prepare one's self a fortress in one's own impregnable thoughts. Xenophon calls him [Antisthenes] the most agreeable of men in conversation and the most temperate in everything else. p.9. 13 . This battle was no less than a â¦ Originally he was a pupil of Gorgias the rhetorician; owing to which circumstance he employs the rhetorical style of language in his Dialogues, especially in his Truth and in his Exhortations. The third volume contains a treatise on the Good; on Manly Courage; on Law, or Political Constitutions; on Law, or what is Honourable and Just; on Freedom and Slavery; on Good Faith; on a Guardian, or on Persuasion; on Victory, an economical essay. Antisthenes, Biographical. I will describe how Diogenes and later Cynics rejected any approach that might have a … An excellent account of Antisthenes is in Donald R. Dudley, A History of Cynicism: From Diogenes to the 6th Century A.D. (1937), and in Farrand Sayre, Diogenes of Sinope: A Study of Greek Cynicism (1938). VI. He adopted and developed the ethical side of Socrates' teachings, advocating an ascet Underlying all three, however, is that very same virtue which Socrates held so dear: the importance of being free to be true to oneself and one’s own convictions in life. He is credited by some with originating the Cynic way of life, but he himself acknowledges an indebtedness to Antisthenes, by … Web. In later times, Antisthenes came to be seen as the founder of the Cynics, but it is by no means certain that he would have recognized the term. What learning is most necessary? Virtue was according. He was also the first person who ever gave a definition of discourse, saying, "Discourse is that which shows what anything is or was." Antisthenes was about twenty-five years younger than Socrates. He was a citizen of Sinope who either fled or was exiled because of a problem involving the defacing of currency. The ideas of Diogenes, like those of most other Cynics, must be arrived at indirectly. One of his favourite sayings was, "That the fellowship of brothers of one mind was stronger than any fortified city." It was said that he had laid the foundations of the … Diogenes Laertius, VI, 11, 16 and 18, as well as Stobaeus, Anthol. ", A man said to him one day, "Many people praise you." The focus of Antisthenesâ work was ethics (although he also wrote on physics, logic, and literature) and he seems to have devoted himself extensively to that subject.He also wrote literary criticism on the Odyssey, an essay on dying, and works dealing with every subject from music to `the uses of wineâ. He appears to have been the founder of the more manly Stoic school; on which account Athenaeus, the epigrammatist, speaks thus of them: O ye, who learned are in Stoic fables, Yonge. By fell consumption, passers by may say, And that he would marry for the sake of having children, selecting the most beautiful woman for his wife. Good men are friends.  Antisthenes 11 gave the impulse to the indifference of Diogenes, the continence of Crates, and the hardihood of Zeno, himself laying the foundations of their state. 3; quoted also by Eusebius of Caesarea, Praeparatio Evangelica xv. These then are the names of his works. He used to say, "that it was an absurd thing to clean a cornfield of tares, and in war to get rid of bad soldiers, and yet not to rid one's self in a city of the wicked citizens." You are here probably looking to find the answer of Aviator. The Life of Antisthenes of Athens in Diogenes Laertius. Other sources include the contemporaneous Antisthenes, Aristippus, and Aeschines of Sphettos. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Mark, J. J. Renowned ancient historian and chronicler Diogenes Laertius, in his record âLives of Ancient Thinkersâ, states, Antisthenes was born in 450BC in Athens.His parentage is obscure, with at least two legends prevailing within various schools of thoughts about his lineage. Diogenes Laertius says that in his day the collected writings of Antisthenes were preserved in … He and Xenophon undoubtedly both looked up to Socrates as an older veteran, renowned for his courage in battle. D.L.II. Diogenes Laertius, VI, 2 and VI, 16, and 18. While he wandered Athens he ran into a man named Antisthenes, and he enjoyed what he heard from him, Antisthenes was a … Antisthenes died in Athens of a degenerative disease which may have been consumption. "The Life of Antisthenes of Athens in Diogenes Laertius." 6.13). I will then present the Cynic way of life as exemplified by Diogenes of Sinope. Not with your actual teeth. It is better to fight with a few good men against all the wicked, than with many wicked men against a few good men. Mark, Joshua J. 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