what is allopurinol used for

It works well for preventing gout attacks, although it is not very effective for treating a gout attack that is already occurring (in fact, it can temporarily worsen gout, especially at first). Avoid drinking alcohol. kidney stones. You may need to follow a special diet while using allopurinol. It works by reducing the production of uric acid in the body. If your dose is more than 300 milligrams a day, you will need to take several smaller doses during the day to get this amount (ask your doctor for directions). This medication is removed by the kidneys. Medically reviewed by Sanjai Sinha, MD. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose. This list is not complete. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. It is also used to prevent increased uric acid levels in patients receiving chemotherapy.These patients can have increased uric acid levels due to the release of uric acid from the dying cancer cells. Allopurinol is approved for treating gout. Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. Find information about which conditions allopurinol oral is commonly used to treat. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company. Other drugs may interact with allopurinol, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Increased uric acid levels can cause gout and kidney problems. Allopurinol is used to treat gout and certain types of kidney stones. In man it causes marked inhibition of uric acid production with a decrease in serum and urine uric acid. Breastfed infants of mothers receiving allopurinol should be monitored for signs of allopurinol side effects, such as rash. Brand names: Zyloprim and Lopurin. Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Allopurinol is used to prevent or lower high uric acid levels in the blood. Allopurinol works by reducing the amount of uric acid made by the body. Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens. Last updated on Dec 17, 2018. This medicine is a white, round, scored, tablet imprinted with "M 31". Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. It can make your condition worse. During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval. Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Find treatment reviews for Allopurinol from other patients. Your doctor may recommend other gout medication to take at this time. Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. Keep using your medication as directed and tell your doctor if your symptoms do not improve after 6 weeks of treatment. A high uric acid level can cause gout or gouty arthritis (joint pain and inflammation). Allopurinol may impair your thinking or reactions. This can make it easier for you to bleed from an injury or get sick from being around others who are ill. Limit alcoholic beverages. It is taken for chronic gout to reduce flare ups. It can also be used for treating kidney stones. Do not take two doses at one time. The culprit in gout is the accumulation of uric acid in joints. Avoid drinking alcohol. Allopurinol is an inhibitor of xanthine oxidase, a substance in the body that is responsible for the product of uric acid. Stop using this medicine and call your doctor at once if you have: the first sign of any skin rash, no matter how mild; flu symptoms, joint pain, easy bruising, unusual bleeding; liver problems - loss of appetite, weight loss, stomach pain (upper right side), itching, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes). Allopurinol is approved for treating high uric acid levels in children with cancer. Brand Name: Zyloprim, Lopurin, Aloprim. Ask your doctor about any risk. Allopurinol is used to prevent gout attacks, not to treat them once they occur. Allopurinol is used for several conditions associated with high uric acid levels, such as gout or kidney stones. This is not a complete list of possible side effects. The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Uric acid buildup can lead to gout or kidney stones. For the treatment of gout, it may take up to several weeks for this medicine to have an effect. Allopurinol, sold under the brand name Zyloprim among others, is a medication used to decrease high blood uric acid levels. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert. You should not take allopurinol if you are allergic to it. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: fever, swollen lymph nodes, rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing. Stomach upset, nausea, diarrhea, or drowsiness may occur. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Your reactions could be impaired. Tell your doctor about all your other medicines, especially: an antibiotic such as ampicillin or amoxicillin; a blood thinner such as warfarin, Coumadin, Jantoven; or. that use of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or Allopurinol is used to treat gout or kidney stones, and to decrease levels of uric acid in people who are receiving cancer treatment. Your blood may need to be tested often. Zyloprim is the brand name of this medicine. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch. Allopurinol side effects (in more detail). Use a reduced dose in elderly people and in those with hepatic impairment: Prescribe an allopurinol starting dose of 50 mg once a day (allopurinol 50 mg tablets are not available, so when providing a 50 mg dose check that the 100 mg tablets are scored). Allopurinol should be used in pregnancy only if clearly instructed by the doctor and it should be used with caution by breast feeding women. The long-term management of gout, to control uric acid levels and prevent gout attacks. Common allopurinol side effects may include: This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Allopurinol reduces the production of uric acid in your body. Allopurinol (al-oh-pure-ri-nol) is mainly used for the long-term treatment and prevention of gout. High levels of uric acid may cause gout attacks or kidney stones. USES: Allopurinol is used to treat gout and certain types of kidney stones. Kidney function declines as you grow older. Tell your doctor right away if any of these rare but very serious side effects occur: numbness/tingling of arms/legs, easy bleeding/bruising, unusual tiredness, signs of kidney problems (such as change in the amount of urine, painful/bloody urination), yellowing eyes/skin, severe stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, dark urine, unusual weight loss, eye pain, vision changes. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Take this medication by mouth, usually once daily or as directed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. It is also used to prevent increased uric acid levels in patients receiving cancer chemotherapy. Allopurinol is considered by the American Academy of Pediatrics to be compatible with breastfeeding. It may not be safe to breast-feed while using this medicine. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. If your doctor has directed you to drink less fluid for other medical reasons, consult your doctor for further instructions. Does Allopurinol interact with other drugs you are taking? It is on the WHO’s List of Essential Medicines. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. It is taken by mouth or injected into a vein. Like all medicines, allopurinol can cause side effects, although not everyone gets them. Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: liver disease, kidney disease, diabetes, high blood pressure (hypertension), unusual diets (e.g., fasting). It is also used to prevent or lower excess uric acid levels caused by cancer medicines or in patients with kidney stones. adverse effects, nor should it be construed to indicate ZYLOPRIM (allopurinol) is known chemically as 1,5-dihydro-4H-pyrazolo [3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-one.It is a xanthine oxidase inhibitor which is administered orally. Keep all medications away from children and pets. Should I avoid certain foods while taking Allopurinol? If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist. In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use allopurinol only for the indication prescribed. These patients can have increased uric acid levels due to release of uric acid from the dying cancer cells. Do not share this medication with others. Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you more drowsy. © 2005 - 2020 WebMD LLC. To help you remember, take it at the same time(s) each day. This copyrighted It is also sometimes used to treat a rare disease of purine metabolism in children. You may have more gout attacks for several months after starting this medicine while the body removes extra uric acid. At 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch directed you to bleed from an injury or get sick from being around others are. May not be able to tell it apart from a rare rash that is responsible the... American Academy of Pediatrics to be alert that may interact with other drugs interact. 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