Hyponatremia may be a side effect of medications, especially diuretics or water pills used to help control blood pressure. In chronic hyponatremia, sodium levels drop gradually over 48 hours or longer — and symptoms and complications are typically more moderate.In acute hyponatremia, sodium levels drop rapidly — resulting in potentially dangerous effects, such as rapid brain swelling, which can result in a coma and death.Premenopausal women appear to be at the greatest risk of hyponatremia-related brain damage. Although not as common, too little salt also can have negative health side effects. FRIDAY, May 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A controversial new study contends that a low-salt diet could be dangerous for your heart health. As our body temperature heats up, the body perspires for the purpose of cooling down the skin, and sodium is lost with this perspiration. Last medically reviewed on February 27, 2020. Anorexia and certain meds can also cause a sodium imbalance. Studies in which participants were distributed by chance into groups with high and low salt intake were analysed to investigate the effect of reduced salt intake on blood pressure (BP) and potential side effects of sodium reduction on some hormones and lipids. Applies to magnesium sulfate: crystal, powder, powder for solution, powder for suspension. This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. If you tend to eat salt-preserved foods like pickled olives and jalapenos as well as … Hypernatremia can cause: confusion neuromuscular excitability hyperreflexia seizures coma // Leaf Group Lifestyle, Signs & Symptoms of Excessive Salt Intake in Children, Linus Pauling Institute; Sodium (Chloride); Dr. Jane Higdon; February 2004, MedlinePlus; Hyponatremia; Dr. David Zieve et al,; August 2009. Increased risk of death from heart failure, 4. Although not as common, too little salt also can have negative health side effects. A more recent review reported a 2.5% increase in cholesterol and a 7% increase in triglycerides (21). Most cases of prolonged hyponatremia in the elderly are related to medication. Here are the major side effects of low sodium intake: Type II diabetes patients could face increased chances of death with a low intake of salt. Too much may be harmful, but too little can also have serious consequences. This article reviews…. Copyright © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd., all rights reserved. People with diabetes have an increased risk of heart attack and stroke (22). Sodium chloride—also known as salt—is used in medical treatments such as IV infusions and catheter flushes. Hyponatremia is a condition characterized by low levels of sodium in the blood. Serious symptoms that might indicate a life-threatening condition. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away: Upset stomach or throwing up. Very low salt intake may be as bad as high levels, international study claims. These symptoms may indicate a range of symptoms, not just salt deficiency, but the signs of hyponatremia can quickly evolve into more serious side effects. Despite its reputation, the salt shaker is not the primary cause of excess sodium in the diet. Several observational studies have looked at the effects of low sodium diets on heart attacks, strokes, and the risk of death (13, 14, 15). The most common dietary form of sodium is sodium chloride. Eating too much salt can increase your risk of health problems, with excessive sodium consumption linked to heart or kidney disease in some individuals. People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes may have an increased risk of death on a low sodium diet. Its symptoms are similar to those caused by dehydration. 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